The Imperial Harem Leslie Peirce Pdf


But the power dynamic within the royal household was not limited to mother and son, nor was the authority of the queen mother unchallenged. As a system of succession, it better fit the post expansionist empire in which the ruler was more a sedentary palace sultan than a mobile ghazi hero. Manipulating political hierarchies and royal protocol was perhaps the principal means by which the Ottoman sultan both projected and protected his power.

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The principal tension surrounding the issue of dynastic inheritance was an intergenerational one. Like Mal Khatun, whose name was attributed in some histories to all stories about Osmans wives, it is Nilfer who is the featured wife for Orhans generation. The Display of Sovereign Prerogative. Those who saw dishonor in concubinage rejected the Ottoman sup pression of female lineage. The third courtyard was accessible to virtually no one from the outside, and its inhabitants were denied passage to the outside world except when accompanying the sultan.

The Age of the Queen Mother It is clearly meant for an academic audience and the author often delves into intense analysis which may leave the general reader a lleslie lost. Portions of this book appeared previously in Leslie P. By examining political action in the context of household networks, Leslie Peirce demonstrates that female power was a logical, indeed an intended, consequence of political structures. WomenTurkeySocial conditions.


My library Help Advanced Book Search. And if a girl is born, she is raised by her mother until the time she is married. The Karamanid state, located in the heartland of the former Anatolian Seljuk state, was the most prestigious and powerful of the Turkish principalities absorbed by the Ottomans.

Leslie P. Peirce

In the symbolic contest between the two Turkish Muslim monarchs, the essential point was that the sultans harem had been violated and the female trophy carried off. The unprecedented political power of the Ottoman imperial harem in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries is widely viewed as illegitimate.

While royal marriages of the fourteenth century were contracted primarily with Christian women, those of the fifteenth century were made primarily with Muslim women. TurkeyKings and rulersWivesHistory.

Parallel to the decline of sons as the chief delegates of sovereign power, the idea of the succession as an open contest between all sons of the former sultan took stronger hold. The very nature of the wedding celebrations, a centra! When princes became confined to the palace, the initiative for protest necessarily shifted outside the dynasty.

These facts contradict popular tradition, according to which it was Muslim princess wives of the sultans who bore future sultans. To include a comma in your tag, surround the tag with double quotes. These rec ords allow us to attempt a reconstruction of their careers and to compare them to the careers of legal wives. Its consequencesthe production of offspringaffected the succession to the throne, indeed the very survival of the dynasty.

In this book I seek to explain the sources of womens political power and the reasons for its prominence in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Poor women and poor men mingled in the city streets and bazaars, for their cramped households and lack of servants prevented them from emulating the deport ment of the well-to-do. Each is defined by eligibility and exclusion.

Wherever he wason the battlefield, in the inner palacethe space he occupied was visibly set off by physical or human boundaries. By the reign of Sleyman r. Such decisions were particularly com plex in a society that permitted both polygyny and concubinage, as did that of the Muslim Ottomans.

Traditions regarding the mothers of the sultanstraditions that persist today at the popular levelare striking in their divergence from historical reality. This book examines the sources of royal women's power and assesses the reactions of contemporaries, which ranged from loyal devotion to armed opposition. The holy cities of Mecca and Medina and their environs were, and remain, the two most revered harems in Islam.

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The Imperial Harem argues that the exercise of political power in the Ottoman empire was tied to definitions of sexuality. Efendi, identified as Eftendize in the record of a land grant Orhan made to her as his wife, may have been Orhans cousin, the daughter of Osmans brother Gndz. Osmans preemtive raid on the wedding party and the capture of Bilejik was one of the Ottomans earliest conquests.


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From the perspective of royal reproductive politics, the early Ottoman state in its first years was unlike the empire it would become. Several of them appear to have been enormously well liked and the object of widespread popular devotion.

The Imperial Harem Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire

The princes servants therefore had an enormous stake in the fortunes of their master in the succession struggles that marked the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Two broad themes are developed in this book. Women could and did play key roles in all of these sovereign functions. Fittingly, Mustafa Pasha was known by the epithet Lala. Sex in the imperial harem was necessarily surrounded with rules, and the structure of the harem was aimed in part at shaping, and thus controlling, the outcome of the sultans sexual activity.

An aspiring litterateur might choose to link his career with that of a prince rather than take his chances for recognition among the stiffer competi tion at the imperial capital. The highest organ of government, the imperial council, met within the walls of the imperial palace, the sultans home. As the pri mary focus, after the sultan, of imperial ritual and ceremony, princes func tioned as vital and visible exemplars of the power and charisma of the dynasty. To an Ottoman subject, cuidados pie diabetico pdf the term harem did not connote a space defined exclusively by sexuality.

There was now only one royal household, over which the senior woman, the sultans mother, naturally took charge. The books second theme concerns the nature of Ottoman sovereignty.

Imperial Harem

The most sacred or exalted places in the sixteenth-century Ottoman world were harems. Unless otherwise indicated in the notes, the translations from foreign lan guage sources are by the author. Practically speaking, however, the sultans authority rested on his ability to maintain control of the ruling elites and satisfy their expectations. This form of succession defined the monarch principally as a conqueror. The dynasty appears to have been unique in the extent of its devotion to concubinage, even during the period when legal marriages were being contracted.

Nonetheless, I can safely say that I enjoyed this book, despite my being woefully under prepared for it. In many ways, male society in the Ottoman world observed the same criteria of status and propriety as did female society. Open successionsuccession by combatfit the ideology of the expan sionist military state. Of his audience with the Khatun, whom he describes as a pious and excellent woman, Ibn Battuta says, she treated me honorably, gave me hospitality, and sent gifts. Turning to women of the dynasty, we find that they too were both entitled to a share of the patrimony and subject to controls.

The story of the changing controls the dynasty placed on its members, including the sultan, and the power that some gained from the controls placed on others is an extraordinarily complex one. Women of standing them selves, Edebalis daughter and Mal Khatun probably married a more mature and powerful Osman.

Leslie P. Peirce